Maersk, for the second time, has been granted a permit by the Port of Los Angeles that would allow its APM Terminals subsidiary (APMT) to install infrastructure for electrified, automated container-handling equipment.
The Los Angeles Board of Harbor Commissioners voted 3-2 Thursday against an appeal by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) Local 13, which opposes the move due to the loss of yard driver positions for registered and casual longshore workers.
The vote mirrored a June 22 meeting at which the same board members voted on whether to support or deny the ILWU’s appeal. APMT won that vote, but a subsequent vote by the Los Angeles City Council to overturn that approval kicked it back to the Board of Harbor Commissioners for the new vote.
The second vote marks the end of a 16-month permitting process APMT went through at the Port of Los Angeles to install electric charging stations, fencing, scaffolding and antennas. The infrastructure is needed to support up to 130 hybrid-electric automated straddle carriers, which will be used to bring containers off the docks at APM’s Pier 400 facility to trucks and on-dock rail.
Since the straddle carriers also can run on diesel, APMT could use the straddle carriers regardless of Thursday’s vote. But Jabbour said the electric charging infrastructure better comports with the port’s clean air goals.
“We firmly support the port’s clean air action plan and believe the permit will allow us to achieve those goals,” Jabbour said. “We will work with the ILWU and improve communication and collaboration on this modernization project.”
The ILWU, though, remains adamantly opposed to the project due to the effect on yard driver positions. In the nearly four-hour debate on the permit, ILWU members and supporters asked that the board require an economic impact report for the project.
But Port of Los Angeles staff said the type of permit APMT asked for only required that environmental risks be detailed.
But jobs remain the key issue for the ILWU. Pacific Maritime Association President James McKenna said his group supports paid job training for longshore workers. Executive Director Gene Seroka also reiterated his call for a port-wide initiative to help longshore workers understand what their roles will be in an automated future.
Board Commissioner Ed Renwick, who voted to deny the appeal, said the ILWU needs to consider the larger issue of market share loss and how making the largest marine terminal in North America more efficient could bring that cargo back through Los Angeles.
Since the 2015 longshore strike, Renwick said 3 million containers annually have moved from the San Pedro ports to other terminals that can turn around freight more quickly.
“Everyone and their brother is trying to steal our boxes,” Renwick said.
After the vote APMT said electrification would allow it "to introduce electrification for the benefit of our customers, our ILWU partners and the port community. By continuing to invest in the Port of Los Angeles infrastructure and productivity, we will be able to remain competitive for the Southern California port community, generating economic impact while meeting the clean air requirements of the Port’s Clean Air Action Plan."