The Panama Canal is the maritime passageway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans that is primarily used by shippers transporting cargo between the east coasts of North and South America and northern Asia, as well as the west coasts of the Americas.
El Niño, a climate phenomenon resulting in periodic warming of the tropical Pacific Ocean, has changed the rainfall pattern in Panama, triggering a drought in the canal watershed and causing water levels in Gatun and Alhajuela lakes to fall substantially below their average for this time of year.
The Panama Canal Authority’s (ACP) shipping advisory sets the maximum draft at 39 feet in fresh water, effective April 18. Vessels loaded to drafts over 39 feet prior to or on March 21 will have their draft restriction waived for transit, subject to safety considerations. Vessels loaded after March 21 will not be allowed through the Canal if they draft below 39 feet.
Further restrictions could follow, the ACP said.
The most recent El Niño phenomenon involving similar conditions took place during the 1997-1998 season. The ACP said it will continue to provide information on the measures being taken and to closely monitor the situation to ensure the security and efficiency of its services.