The agency also has collected $24 billion in additional duties, she said.
Customs will identify and develop modernization projects, and resulting pilots, under five general principles as it works to flesh out a detailed 20- to 30-year vision, Smith said.
The five areas are enhancing facilitation through 21st century processes, defining customs and trade responsibilities for emerging actors, ensuring seamless data sharing and access, employing intelligent enforcement and ensuring adequate funding to support all these efforts, she said.
CBP developed those five areas as it is reviewing various issues facing the modern trade environment.
“Did you know that there are nearly 400 ways to classify a shoe? Is that really helpful in our current economy?” Smith said. “Did you know that we’ve received or processed one and a half million small packages a day? These numbers are staggering, and the volume that we’re seeing both in the e-commerce framework as well as through other modes of transportation comes with increased risk around shipments in contraband, including Fentanyl, counterfeit and unsafe goods.”
“A lot of these entities, platforms … marketplaces we don’t regulate, but we’re finding out that we need to have some interaction with them and perhaps eventually need some legislation,” Leonard said. An “area that we’re looking at is how can we get better information and data from some of these parties that know a whole lot about shipments and different packages coming in.”
CBP has already worked to start some testing, including on how cognitive analytics might add value to the risk assessment that the agency does and on how blockchain might support customs’ work surrounding compliance and supply chains, Smith said.
After announcing the 21st Century Customs Framework initiative in August, CBP has held two comment periods that closed on Feb. 4 and April 11.
Smith said CBP likely hasn’t issued its last request for comments regarding its 21st Century Customs Framework initiative and entreated audience members to respond to forthcoming CBP requests for pilot volunteers.