Specifically, the agency is most interested in those new technologies that have potential to fuel foreign weapons manufacturing, intelligence gathering and terrorist activities to the detriment of the U.S. These new technologies may not be currently listed on the Commerce Control List (CCL), which require specific licensing oversight before being exported abroad.
Emerging technologies that are currently on BIS’ future export control radar are myriad and diverse. They include, for example, synthetic biology, computer vision, artificial intelligence cloud technologies, stacked memory on chips, quantum computing, mobile electric power, micro-drone and micro-robotic systems, “smart dust” and propulsion technologies.
In its advanced proposed rulemaking, BIS has asked for public comments on:
• How to define emerging technology to assist identification of such technology in the future;
• Criteria to determine whether there are specific technologies within these general categories that are important to U.S. national security;
• Other general technology categories that warrant review for U.S. national security purposes;
• Status of technologies development in the United States and other countries;
• Impact that specific emerging technology controls would have on U.S. technological leadership;
• Any other approaches to identify emerging technologies that are important to U.S. national security, including the stage of development or maturity level of an emerging technology that would warrant consideration for export control.