Registration takes less than 1 minute.
Port congestion is causing layoffs and inability to reach overseas consumers.
Justice Department said sentence is first against an executive in its roll-on/roll-off shipping investigation.
ILWU says it may take between eight to 10 days to unload a ship because of limits on longshore hiring.
Marine terminal officials agree that future contracts will require ongoing collaboration.
Maersk Line CEO Soren Skou told American Shipper container lines need to adapt to permanent overcapacity, and cited Maersk's network management as the primary driver of bumper profits in recent years.
Economist revised forecasts, predicting lower import growth and a second year of declines in exports.