EU court decision a boon to 'forum shoppers'
The Rotterdam-based law firm AKD said a recent decision of the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg is a landmark and "definitively puts its weight behind forum shopping to limit liability" under the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) in countries that are friendly towards carriers.
"This is a boon to the Dutch jurisdiction and specifically comes at the expense of the courts in Germany," the law firm said in a press release.
It said the ruling had its origins in a dispute between cargo interests and carriers involving the theft of four consignments of Canon cameras during road transportation under CMR terms from a warehouse at Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands to Willich, Germany, in 2007.
The goods were only partly discharged by the cargo interest’s employees, the remainder being left in the trailer for discharge the next day.
The next morning it was discovered the cameras had been stolen.
Carriers obtained a declaratory judgment from the Dutch courts, which was confirmed on appeal, that the carriers down the contractual chain were only liable up to the CMR limit, in this case 50,000 euros. The cargo interests and first contractual carrier made a judicial settlement for that amount.
The first contractual carrier’s insurers then sought to recover this amount in the German courts from the carriers further down the contractual chain, who in turn challenged the jurisdiction of the German courts, pointing to the declaratory relief issued by the Dutch courts.
The German courts referred the dispute to the Court of Justice of the European Union which, on Dec. 19, ruled the German courts cannot hide behind other international treaties so as to hinder the automatic recognition of judgments by courts in the European Union.
The Court of Justice ensured the minimum standard within the European Union for jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments that maintain the possibility to limit liability under the CMR.
AKD said "In effect, this is a licence for forum shopping in CMR matters to the benefit of Dutch jurisdiction."
Jos van der Meché, partner at AKD, said, “Simply put, Germany is a country of cargo interests, while the Netherlands is primarily a country of carrier and logistics interests. The German courts are therefore likely to award damages in full against CMR carriers, while the Dutch Supreme Court sets a very high bar for the breaking of limitation of liability under CMR.
“The judgment of the Court of Justice is very decisively in favor of the Dutch interpretation of CMR and the EU Brussels 1 Regulation. It effectively endorses the use of pre-emptive strikes in the Dutch courts by CMR carriers. It also specifically rejects the position of the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, and means that it is now much easier for CMR carriers to limit their liability by starting proceedings before the carrier-friendly Dutch courts, without the risk of being sued by the cargo-friendly German courts for the same claim at a later date. It furthermore emphasizes the importance of starting proceedings and obtaining a judgment under Dutch jurisdiction as soon as possible after the occurrence of theft of or damage to cargo carried under CMR conditions,” he explained.
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